With the development of industrial production technology and the improvement of people’s living standards, on the one hand, sugar as a food that can increase people’s pleasure, its production capacity can not meet the growing market needs. On the other hand, with the improvement of people’s health awareness, people gradually realize that excessive sugar intake will cause many health risks to human health.
Therefore, after the 1970s, a series of sweet substances were developed by biotechnology or chemical synthesis, becoming a major category of food additives – sweeteners. Currently used sweeteners are soy oligosaccharides, xylitol, maltitol, hydrogenated starch hydrolysate, acesulfame, aspartame, sucralose, etc., while aspartame and sucralose are considered the most promising powerful sweeteners because of their good taste and high safety.
The above sweeteners have less sweetness than sucrose, so although the taste is better, it will increase the cost of the product. There are certain difficulties in domestic promotion, and it is only used in special foods for diabetes patients and anti-caries foods. .
What exactly is Aspartame?
Aspartame is mainly composed of aspartic acid and phenylalanine (amino acid is a component of protein). It can be quickly absorbed in the body like a protein, and it will not accumulate in the body, and aspartic acid can be absorbed by the human body. Direct use. The caloric value of aspartame is only 4186kJ/kg, which is 1/200 of sucrose, but the sweetness is 200 times that of the same amount of sucrose.
Before the official application of Aspartame, in addition to the World Food and Drug Administration Center, extensive safety tests were conducted on animals and humans in more than 70 countries, proving that long-term application of aspartame is safe even if It is also safe to use aspartame in patients with chronic renal failure.